Auto Glass Repairs The Woodlands, Tx


Below are a list of commong terms used in the auto glass repair industry.

Adhesion: The physical joining of two materials, especially of dissimilar substances like glass and metal.

Adhesive: A substance that provides or promotes adhesion.

Back Glass: The glass in a vehicle that is located across the back of the body of the car, stretching from the driver’s side to the passenger’s side of the vehicle.

Cutout: The process of precisely cutting out and removing a damaged windshield.

DOT: U.S. Department of Transportation, the federal agency that oversees the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and other transportation-related government organizations.

(Safe) Drive Away Time: The amount of time that is necessary for the adhesive system used when an adhesive bonded glass part is installed in a vehicle to attain minimum drive-away strength in order to comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

Encapsulated Parts: Glass parts that have been bonded with moldings or other glass parts. This process shortens the steps for installing a particular glass on a vehicle, such as Quarter Glass.

FMVSS: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which detail the safety criteria manufacturers must meet in order to conform to regulations. The complete, current regulations may be found here: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

HPR: High Penetration Resistance. HPR windshields are strengthened by using layers of laminated glass and are designed to reduce injuries in the event of accidents.

Low E Glass: Energy efficient glass that is treated with a coating to effectively block the harmful ultravioloet rays of the sun.

NGA: National Glass Association, the largest trade association specifically for the North American glass industry. NGA represents the architectural, automotive and specialty glass segments of the industry. Its mission is to provide information and education and to promote quality workmanship, ethics and safety in the glass industry.

NGA-Certified: Installation specialists who have met the certification requirements of the National Glass Association. The two levels of certification are:

Nitrile Gloves: Surgical-grade, latex-free synthetic rubber gloves used to prevent oils and dirt from the hands contaminating glass surfaces. Nitrile gloves protect hands from harmful primer, prep and adhesive chemicals.

OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer. Original and new parts – including windshields and side glass – purchased directly from the manufacturer for aftermarket use (versus new construction within the factory).

Perimeter: The outside edge of the windshield where the urethane is applied.

Pinchweld: The one-inch ledge surrounding the opening of the vehicle that supports the windshield. On that pinchweld the urethane adhesive attaches to the glass.

Primers: A chemical undercoat applied to the pinchweld to prepare the surface for optimum urethane adhesion.

Quarter Glass: Only found in 2-door models. This is the glass that sits to the rear of the front door glass.

Resin: A clear liquid substance used to seal crack and breaks in a windshield, thus preventing them from spreading.

Structural Integrity: Your vehicle’s ability to retain roof strength and structure during a rollover accident.

Urethane: A family of polymers ranging from rubbery to brittle. Usually formed by the reaction of a diisocyanate with a hydroxyl; also called polyurethane. A high strength polyurethane adhesive is the material used to bond the glass to the vehicles body in today’s automobiles.

Urethane Bed: The area along the pinchweld where the bead of urethane is applied.

VIN: Vehicle Identification Number. This is a 17-digit combination of letters and numbers that’s unique to your vehicle. Your VIN is embossed onto a small plate attached to the dashboard at the bottom left side of your windshield.

Vehicle Make: The manufacturer of the vehicle, such as Ford, Chevrolet, or Dodge.

Vehicle Model: The type of vehicle, such as Mustang, Sebring or Camry.

Vehicle Style: The vehicle’s body design such as 2-door, 4-door, convertible, or SUV.

Windshield Repair: A proprietary method performed by Astro Autoglass to repair breaks before they spread:

If you have any questions about any of these terms or if you need service for auto glass repairs or replacements, call us at 832-928-2455 or email us today.